When a couple wants to have a child, surrogacy may be the way. Fertilization centers usually charge a fee for a solution to insert sperm and ovum. The center then inserts the sperm and ovum into another woman’s womb. The couple pays the woman for her services. However, some people are against surrogacy, claiming it is unethical and not worth the price of a child.nLegalitynIn the early 1990s, in vitro fertilization was still considered experimental and not widely accepted. Only a handful of legislatures grappled with the legalities of reproductive technologies—these advances progressively separate marriage and sex from the process of conception. Since then, surrogacy law has seen dramatic changes. While not all states have adopted surrogacy laws, New York was not an outlier. The general approach toward surrogacy has shifted toward regulation.nThe contract between the intended and surrogate parents must state the legality of surrogacy and the responsibilities of both parties. A written contract must be used to document both parties’ agreements. In a miscarriage, a surrogate cannot recover the money they paid the surrogate. In the event of a child’s death, the intended parents must make funeral arrangements. Surrogate parents cannot get back the money they paid to the surrogate.nFor a surrogacy contract to be legal, it must be signed by both parties before conception. It must specify the surrogate’s medical care and payment and require full escrow payment. It must also state steps to protect the surrogate from exploitation, such as a disability insurance policy. Additionally, the contract must clearly state how the intended parents will pay for all expenses associated with surrogacy.nIsrael, a highly regulated surrogacy country, has strict surrogacy laws. The Surrogate Motherhood Agreements Law was passed in 1996. The surrogate motherhood committee approves each surrogacy contract before it can be signed. By following the guidelines laid out by this committee, the surrogacy contracts remain legal and protect all parties involved. However, the committee’s precedents serve as unofficial regulations for surrogacy contracts.nFeesnThere are many fees associated with surrogacy. Although they can be challenging to determine, surrogates generally claim reasonable or fair expenses. The prices they receive vary widely and are determined by several factors, including the type of surrogate, the number of children they wish to carry, and their lifestyle. Other expenses include travel, childcare, and time spent attending appointments and recovering from childbirth. The fees charged by surrogacy agencies generally reflect the support they can offer the surrogate.nWhen it comes to costs, it is essential to remember that an agency will be able to provide you with a detailed price estimate of how much the surrogacy process will cost. You can also use an online escrow portal to track each transaction, including fees, receipts, and the surrogate’s expenses. However, it is essential to note that the fees charged by an agency may be higher than what you are paying directly to the surrogate.nTypical surrogacy fee lists are not complete, as they do not include the costs associated with egg donation, airline tickets, and hotel accommodations. Fortunately, reputable surrogacy agencies have most of these costs upfront so that you won’t be surprised later. Surrogacy costs vary depending on several factors, and those incidental costs can quickly add up. As with any medical procedure, research is critical, and it’s worth talking to several professionals before making a decision.nRegarding surrogacy fees, it’s important to remember that the compensation paid to a surrogate varies from state to state. In California, for example, surrogates who deliver a second baby may be compensated $5,000 more than those in other states. And while this is more expensive, you can make up for it by taking advantage of a friend’s surrogacy. However, be prepared to pay out-of-pocket expenses, including health insurance premiums, life insurance, and maternity clothing.nStepsnFirst, you must decide whether you will use a surrogacy agency or handle the entire surrogacy process yourself. Once you have decided on a surrogacy agency, you must select whether you will use a lawyer for the legal process. Next, you must finalize the screening process, which will involve a home visit and a criminal background check. Finally, it would help if you found a surrogate. Many surrogacy agencies are out there, but choosing the right one is essential.nBefore beginning the medical process, you must meet with an attorney to discuss the legal aspects of surrogacy. Your attorney will explain your rights and responsibilities and the risks associated with this arrangement. Once you and your attorney agree on a contract, you can begin the medical process. The intended parents’ attorney will also discuss the contract with you. The agreement will include payments for the agreed-upon costs. Once you and your intended parents have agreed on a monthly compensation, the medical process can begin.nOnce the screening process is complete, you will be matched with a surrogate. This is one of the most significant milestones in surrogacy, as you must check a surrogate with a prospective parent. A professional agency will match you with a surrogate compatible with your goals and expectations. After the screening process, you can start the actual pregnancy journey. A surrogacy agency will be able to help you with the entire process, and they will match you with a surrogate who is compatible with you and your intended parents.nOnce the screening process is complete, your intended parents and the surrogate mother will meet face-to-face or by Skype to discuss details about the process. They will also complete medical clearance with their doctors and begin the legal contract process. Once the contract is finalized, the intended parents must attend all milestone appointments. The final step is embryo transfer, which will take a few weeks. After that, you will continue visiting your local clinic for beta tests until the baby has been confirmed to have a heartbeat.nFinding a Gestational CarriernThe process of finding a gestational carrier in surrogate motherhood is not always a straightforward one. The process begins with a consultation with a mental health professional, who will assess the intended parents and their potential relationship with the gestational carrier. The counselor will also consider a couple’s history, including unresolved drug or alcohol abuse and possible mental health issues. They should also evaluate the couple’s plans for their relationship with the gestational carrier, including whether or not the intended parents will disclose their use of the gestational carrier to the child.nThe ASRM recommends that potential gestational carriers undergo a complete physical examination and history. This examination will identify any sexually transmitted diseases. ASRM recommends testing all pages for HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, and cytomegalovirus. The ASRM also suggests that both the intended mother and the gestational carrier have a clinical interview with a mental health professional, who will discuss possible psychological risks of pregnancy.nA contract is integral to the gestational carrier’s compensation and benefits. It outlines how the intended parents and gestational carrier will interact during and after the pregnancy. The contract can outline the rights of both parties, including postpartum care and termination of parental rights. It can also stipulate preferences regarding the gestational carrier’s diet, specific activities, and more. Sometimes, the intended parents may request specific prenatal care from the gestational carrier.nThe gestational carrier must be healthy and have undergone mandatory medical and psychological screenings. Once the gestational carrier has passed the screening, the two partners can start their surrogacy cycle synchronized. This is similar to the procedure for egg donors during IVF. The gestational carrier will deliver the baby to the intended parents, and the intended mother will provide the sperm. A gestational carrier can carry a child with only one parent.nFinancial incentivenAs an economic relationship, surrogacy involves a complex political calculus. The debate about surrogacy goes to the heart of the political economy, concerning the question of what is «sellable» and who decides. It also asks how authority can weigh the desire to produce a child against the risks of selling one. This article discusses the financial incentive for surrogacy and explores how surrogacy may benefit families.nIn addition to the signing bonus, surrogates can expect monthly payments. While this is not a mandatory part of the process, it is a great way to make it more affordable and less stressful for both the surrogate mother and intended parents. This signing bonus is usually USD 1,500 and can include a gift, a wellness package, or monthly spa treatments. The amount of money the surrogate receives is calculated based on the Consumer Price Index, which includes rent and other expenses. While overseas locations can differ in price, the cost of living is much lower.nIn addition, most surrogates report that the financial incentive is the primary motivator for their decision to undergo surrogacy. According to one study, about half of surrogates earn 200,000 to 400,000 INR monthly. These surrogates’ incomes are relatively modest, with a median family income of 10,000 INR per month. This money is often enough for the surrogates to cover their expenses, pay off a family debt, buy a home, and gain upward social mobility.nThere are several secondary stressors for the intended parents. Aside from the risks of pregnancy and childbirth, surrogacy also carries a psychological and legal stigma. The intended parents may be worried about a child’s health, the genetic link, or other concerns. Therefore, there is a need for ongoing research into these factors. And to make the surrogacy process more comfortable for the intended parents and surrogates, the surrogates must be well-trained and emotionally intense.