Are surrogate babies likely to develop attachment issues? This question is often asked by parents and intended parents alike. This article will cover the biological bond between the surrogate mother and child, the importance of skin-to-skin contact, and the negative attitude toward surrogacy. It will also cover the impact surrogacy may have on a married couple. Here are some helpful tips. Hopefully, they will help you navigate through this challenging period.
The biological link between surrogate mother and child
There are several important legal implications of surrogacy, and one of these is the biological link between the baby and the surrogate mother. While a baby’s genetic makeup is already present at conception, the surrogate’s genetic material cannot be transferred to the child. The genetic material of the surrogate mother may affect a baby’s gene activation, but it will not change the genes.
The study focused on surrogate mothers’ characteristics and reactions to surrogacy. Women who had the opportunity to use their genetic material were more likely to believe in the importance of a genetic link. In contrast, women unable to use their genetic material had fewer uniform beliefs. This cognitive dissonance has important implications for future reproductive technologies, including surrogacy. Ultimately, surrogacy may be a helpful way to achieve a genetic connection between a mother and a child.
The biological link between a surrogate mother and child may also be a sensitive issue for some women. While this genetic link isn’t necessarily harmful, it can create a variety of new fears, traditions, and interpretations of family. However, the benefits of gene surrogacy are worth considering for the intended parents. The resulting baby will have a family full of genes. However, the genetic link between the child and the surrogate mother may be difficult to establish.
Despite the legalities surrounding surrogacy, the baby’s birth can still affect the child. The baby receives nutrients from the umbilical cord and the placenta, but the surrogate mother also needs to take care of her child through diet and exercise. While DNA is passed on the same way as any other human being, epigenetic signals can alter its expression. Think of DNA as hardware and epigenetic signals as software.
Need for skin-on-skin contact
Aside from helping the newborn transition from the fetal phase to the infant stage, skin-to-skin contact with surrogate babies has several other benefits. It allows the infant to maintain equal body temperature, manage respiratory transitions, and regulate glucose levels. It also helps the infant to colonize the surrogate’s bacteria, which reduces the risk of allergic diseases. Here’s a closer look at why skin-on-skin contact is essential for surrogate babies.
Skin-on-skin contact with surrogates’ babies can help the infant develop a stronger attachment to their biological mother. The new baby is more likely to have fewer allergic reactions because of the mother’s bacteria than the hospital’s. It also helps the infant familiarize themself with their parents. By keeping the baby close to the mother, skin-to-skin contact can reduce a baby’s pain response.
If the intended parents decide to pursue skin-on-skin contact with surreptitious birth, they should discuss the plan with the hospital staff before the baby’s birth. Explain to the team that skin-on-skin connection is integral to the baby’s bonding process, and remind them of this as necessary. This way, they won’t immediately begin swaddling or placing the baby in an incubator. Similarly, they should wait until after skin-on-skin contact to weigh the baby.
In addition to skin-on-skin contact, intended parents should talk to the surrogate in person in the same city. It is also possible to record and play messages through a small speaker. These messages can be songs or children’s books. The baby will grow up familiar with the voice because it is heard repeatedly. Discuss how to incorporate these messages into the daily routine of the surrogate and the baby.
Negative attitude towards surrogacy
Most participants reported a negative attitude towards surrogacy. Although some may be against commercial or religious surrogacy, most do not support genetic or organic surrogacy. Those who support surrogacy as a means of having children are likely to be LGBT. However, despite most participants stating a negative attitude towards surrogacy, it’s still important to note that the study did not specifically ask whether they would be willing to undergo it.
Another problem with surrogacy is that the mother does not retain her bodily autonomy and is treated as a vessel. Various dietary requirements and exercise regimens are often imposed, and she may undergo medical examinations against her will. However, it’s important to note that the laws on surrogacy differ from country to country. Although these laws protect children, they have not necessarily helped surrogate mothers to keep their bodies healthy.
The gender of surrogacy may play a role in its acceptance. In countries such as Japan and Germany, men were more likely to consider surrogacy. However, in some countries, women and men may have the same attitude toward the surrogacy procedure. Whether the surrogacy procedure is legal or social, it can impact the acceptance of a child. The gender of the intended parent can also influence attitudes. The rate of approval for surrogacy in Sweden was higher than in Germany.
Although a positive attitude towards surrogacy is possible, it is essential to note that the process has many challenges. Some countries have banned surrogacy altogether. They may not have an understanding of what surrogacy involves or the ethical ramifications of the procedure. Fortunately, Iran is the only Muslim country to legalize surrogacy. It’s possible that surrogacy can be both commercial and charitable and that a nation’s religious authorities could legitimize it.
Impact on marital relationship of surrogate mother’s pregnancy
The impact of a surrogate mother’s pregnancy on the marital relationship is complex. Surrogate mothers have mixed reactions when asked about this topic. Some reported relief that they were carrying a child for another couple, while others felt sad that they would lose contact with their intended parents and their child. Despite these mixed emotions, many surrogates reported high marital satisfaction.
It’s important to understand that surrogate mother are not natural, and their pregnancies are artificially produced. Husbands of surrogate mothers are often empathetic, but they may not be aware of their husbands’ emotional commitment to their surrogate children. Many husbands also become supportive of surrogate parents after meeting their surrogate wives. Likewise, Mark and Marilyn Johnston, who were surrogates for a couple in New York City, visit the couple that Marilyn carried.
The study was based on in-depth interviews with 34 surrogates, 36 children of surrogates, and 11 partners. Of the 34 surrogates interviewed, twenty were interviewed more than ten years ago as part of a previous project by Dr. Jadva. The last study was focused on the surrogates’ emotional and psychological well-being after birth, so their participation allowed researchers to follow their relationships over time.
Surrogates’ marital relationships have good long-term relations with the intended parents. Their close relationship with their intended parents develops during pregnancy and tends to remain long-term. While some surrogates choose not to stay in contact after delivery, the intended parents generally want to maintain a long-term relationship with their surrogates. This, in turn, affects the marital relationship.
Potential for emotional transfer between surrogate mother and child
When planning for a surrogate pregnancy, the intended parents should consider the potential for emotional transfer between the surrogate mother and child. As much as possible, the intended parents should participate in the gestational process, including creating a birth plan and staying in constant contact with the surrogate. The intended parents should be present during delivery, as their role begins from this point. The surrogate mother is also responsible for ensuring that the baby feels comfortable. While she will have a limited role in the birth process, it is also essential to be in contact with her for a few weeks after the baby is born.
The researcher began by collating all themes and developing a detailed description of the phenomenon. Then, she asked a specialist to review the findings and validate them, using a technique called «member checking.» After the researcher had completed the study, she returned the results to the participants to discuss their experiences. The research team concluded that there was a high likelihood of emotional transfer between surrogate mother and child.
The surrogates reported positive relationships with the child and the parents. Almost all surrogates said that their relationship with the child was positive. Another quarter of the mothers reported a positive relationship. The remaining 25% reported neutral or ambivalent feelings toward the relationship. Only three surrogates reported having no emotional connection to the child. Nonetheless, most surrogates said they maintained face-to-face contact with the child and the surrogate mothers.