Why Do People Become Surrogate Mothers?

Why Do People Become Surrogate Mothers? photo 0 Intended Parent

The purpose of surrogacy is to give birth to a child. The intended parents turn to surrogacy to have a child of their own. The surrogate mother gives them the chance to have a child, and the intended parents will be eternally grateful. This article will explore some of the reasons why people choose to become surrogate mothers. These reasons include Unmet expectations, the Commodification of a woman’s body, Lack of financial compensation, and Moral responsibilities to the fetus.

Unmet expectations

In a survey of more than 1000 individuals, 59% of participants said they became surrogate mothers for reasons including helping a childless couple, helping a friend or a family member unable to conceive, enjoying the pregnancy, or paying. Unmet expectations are the number one reason people become surrogate mothers and account for most of the unmet expectations reported by participants.

The romanticized narrative of surrogacy can work to encourage women to participate in surrogacy because it creates a standard against which their experiences should be measured. This inevitably results in disappointment for surrogates. While a surrogate’s experience may not meet the standard framed by media and celebrity endorsements, it is consistently reported that she feels tossed aside and betrayed if her relationship with the intended parents doesn’t live up to expectations. Similarly, a surrogate may feel betrayed if their intended parents turn away after a failed treatment.

Research has also revealed a typical pattern among surrogates. The majority of surrogates are satisfied with their surrogacy experience. However, a minority become dissatisfied with the arrangement after five to ten years. This is because of the unrealistic expectations that couples have of surrogates and their relationship with the intended parents. Therefore, it is essential to consider surrogates’ emotional and social expectations before entering a surrogacy arrangement.

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The surrogate mother’s psychological health is also a significant reason for this process. Many women report depression, and one surrogate experienced two episodes of postnatal depression, including one episode related to an important life event. Other women reported having mental health issues related to surrogacy, including anxiety. The psychological problems experienced by surrogates are often not severe but deserve further investigation. So, what are the benefits of being a surrogate mother?

The commodification of a woman’s body

The commodification of a woman’s self-perception can affect a woman’s sexuality, morality, and feelings. How a woman dresses, interacts with other people, and eats can be manipulated. In addition to having her body and sexuality exploited, a commodified woman has little control over her body and personal interests. As a result, the process of commodification is often unwelcome and a cause for social and political repression.

One of the reasons why a woman’s body is becoming a commodity is that men are willing to pay for it. The idea of women as commodities is misogynistic, and the exploitation of women’s bodies has long been a part of society. However, women are no longer the only object to be commodified. Commodification is an ongoing issue in our community. But it must be recognized that if we are to stop a culture’s commodification of women, we must confront its roots.

Lack of financial compensation

Many people question the ethicality of the surrogacy industry. Regardless of its legitimacy, outsourcing babies to third-party mothers is exploitative and involves little or no financial compensation for the surrogate mother. In addition to the ethical concerns, some believe the practice may violate the rights of the surrogate mother. Specific legal and ethical standards should be observed to protect surrogate mothers’ interests.

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International commercial surrogacy practices may also pose ethical concerns. While equal pay for equal work is a noble goal, it does not mean wages are the same in all countries. Wages in developing countries are highly variable, and inflation of these wages would be harmful and unfair to workers. It would also drive many people from the market. Instead, fair wage levels should be determined locally. There are several reasons why international surrogacy is unjustified.

First, surrogate mothers should be able to calculate their base compensation before the pregnancy. After pregnancy, surrogates should be able to receive additional compensation for expenses such as maternity clothes, housekeeping, and breast milk pumping. During the fourth trimester, surrogates will also be paid for costs related to the baby’s birth. Surrogate mothers can also expect additional compensation for expenses such as a maternity trip or a child’s birthday.

Regardless of the type of surrogacy, commissioning couples are vulnerable to fraud and exploitation. These women may refuse to cooperate with the legal parentage transfer, thereby defrauding commissioning parents. This is a significant concern, so commissioning couples should be aware of this potential problem and take action immediately to protect themselves. Then, they can consider other options for funding the baby. In addition to paying the surrogate mother, the commissioning couple should consider legal surrogacy arrangements.

Moral responsibilities to the fetus

While there are several social and ethical issues regarding surrogacy, most countries have passed laws and regulations that ensure the welfare of both the intended parents and the fetus. However, the practice still faces significant ethical and legal challenges. Moreover, while surrogacy can lead to childless couples having a baby, the legal status of surrogacy should be carefully scrutinized. In some countries, surrogacy laws are more rigid and strict, but it is still not free of ethical and religious issues.

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The American Society for Reproductive Medicine recommends that women undergo a medical exam before becoming surrogate mothers. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine recommends that they undergo tests for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, immunity to rubella, chickenpox, and measles, and visual mapping of their uterus. Additionally, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine recommends that surrogate mothers have their physician during the pregnancy.

Psychological detachment

The commercial approach to gestational surrogacy has helped facilitate the psychological detachment process among gestational surrogate mothers. The child’s emotional attachment to its biological mother is affected by this detachment. In the long run, children born to surrogate parents may experience more trauma than their biological siblings. Despite the ambiguity of the situation, more studies are highlighting the importance of this relationship.

The motivation for some women to become surrogates is often material. The surrogate mother may be motivated by fee compensation or emotional detachment. Sometimes, she may be motivated by a desire to help a couple have a child. But other reasons may be more ingrained. Some women may become surrogates to help a child.

Potential surrogates were screened through three 90-minute interviews. The interviews assessed a person’s motivation to become a surrogate, her attitudes, and their feelings about surrendering a child. The questionnaire included:

  • General demographic data.
  • Medical history.
  • Information about childhood relationships.
  • Questions about emotional health.

These questions correspond to the clinical interview. The results from the study indicate that the surrogate women’s motivation is related to family goals, not their values.

The study findings support the notion that people who are concerned about the well-being of other people will help them regardless of their interests. It also supports the idea that paid gestational surrogacy is prosocial, even if the surrogate women are compensated for their efforts. Therefore, the commercial practice of gestational surrogacy is, in fact, prosocial. But it is best to understand the surrogates’ motivations as a combination of intrinsic (altruism) and extrinsic (monetary) motives.

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